If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease, you know the fear and confusion it creates regarding what the future may hold. Each person experiences the disease in a different way, but it’s overall trajectory from early to late-stage is similar. Here is a summary of the stages of Alzheimer’s Disease.
No Visible Impairment
During this stage, the only way to detect Alzheimer’s is through a brain scan. No memory issues or other symptoms are present.
Generally, the symptoms shown in stage two are often just chalked up to getting older and natural forgetfulness. Maybe personal items like keys or cell phones are misplaced. Perhaps names become more difficult to remember, or the wrong name is used when talking to someone.
Mild Cognitive Impairment
This is generally the stage where loved ones begin noticing that there is an issue. Medical testing may also expose cognitive impairment at this stage as well. People in stage three of Alzheimer’s may struggle to find the right words to say in general conversations, they may also exhibit difficulty in remembering things that they just read or information they just heard. It can also become difficult to plan and organize things.
Mild Alzheimer’s Disease
More clear cut symptoms of the disease are apparent at this stage. People at stage four can have trouble with simple arithmetic and financial management, forget the month or season, and have poor short term memory (they may not remember what they had for lunch).
Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease
During stage five of Alzheimer’s, people will need assistance with many of the basic activities of daily living. They will often become confused about where they are or what time it is. Dressing appropriately for the season or occasion will also become difficult. Generally, people at this stage still remember their families and can recall some details from the past, especially their youth.
Moderately Severe Alzheimer’s
At this stage, people need constant supervision to ensure their safety. They can mistake a person for someone else, causing alarm and sometimes violent behavior. Bathing and toileting are often not possible without assistance, and wandering becomes a major risk at this stage as well.
This is the final stage of the disease. Professional care is generally needed because people lose the ability to respond to their environment or to communicate. Alzheimer’s has no cure, but science is continually working to develop new treatments that help to delay the symptoms until one can be found. If you or a loved one are experiencing this disease and have questions, Primrose would be honored to assist you. Just visit www.primroseretirement.com for additional info.